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New York City
La cittÀ comprises five boroughs: Manhattan, where most of the visitaor action is; the Bronx, the only borough connected to the mainland Stati Uniti Usa; Queens, where Kennedy and LaGuardia airports are located and which borders the Atlantic Ocean and occupies part of Long Island; Brooklyn, south of Queens, which is also on Long Island and is famed for its attitude, accent, and Atlantic-front Coney Island; and Staten Island, the least populous borough, bordering Upper New York Bay on one side and the Atlantic Ocean on the other.
When most visitaors envision New York, they think of Manhattan, the long finger-shaped island pointing southwest off the mainland - surrounded by the Harlem River to the north, the Hudson River to the west, the East River (really an estuary) to the east, and the fabulous expanse of Upper New York Bay to the south. Despite the fact that it’s La cittÀ’s smallest borough (131⁄2 miles long, 21⁄4 miles wide, 22 sq. miles), Manhattan contains La cittÀ’s most famous attrazioni monumenti cosa vedere visitare, buildings, and cultural institutions.

The five boroughs

Manhattan
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Downtown
- Liberty Island and Statue of Liberty
- Brooklyn bridge
- Chinatown
- Little italia
- SoHo
- TriBeCa
- Greenwich Village
- Financial district
- Trinity church
Midtown
- Empire State Building
- Chrysler Building
- Times Square
- Central Park
- Museum Of Modern Art
- Chelsea Garment District
- St. Patrick's Duomo
- Rockfeller Center
- Radio City Music Hall
- Carnegie Hall
- Madison Square Garden
- United Nations Headquarters
- Gramercy Flatiron

Uptown
- Harlem
- Guggenheim Museum
- Metropolitan Museum of Art
- Whitney Museum of American Art

 
Bronx
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- Bronx Zoo
- New York Botanical Garden
- Wave Hill
- Yankee Stadium
- Edgar Allan Poe Cottage

Brooklyn
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- Grand Army Plaza
- Prospect Park
- Brooklyn Museum of Art
- Brooklyn Botanic Garden
- Park Slope Historic District

Queens
 

- Isamu Noguchi Garden Museum
- P.S.1 Contemporary Art Center

Staten Island
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- Historic Richmond Town
- Snug Harbor Cultural Center

 

Storia

The area was inhabited by the Lenape at the time of its Europaan discovery by Italian Giovanni da Verrazzano in 1524. Although Verrazzano sailed into New York Harbor, his voyage did not continue upstream and instead he sailed back into the Atlantic. It was not until the voyage of Henry Hudson, an Englishman who worked for the Dutch East India Company, that the area was mapped. He discovered Manhattan on September 11, 1609, and continued up the river that bears his name, the Hudson River, until he arrived at the site where New York State's Capitale city, Albany, now stands. The Dutch established New Amsterdam in 1613, which was granted self-government in 1652 under Peter Stuyvesant. The British took La cittÀ in September 1664, and renamed it "New York" after the English Duke of York and Albany. The Dutch briefly regained it in August 1673, renaming La cittÀ "New Orange," but ceded it permanently in November 1674.
Under British rule La cittÀ of New York continued to develop, and while there was growing sentiment in La cittÀ for greater political independence, the area was decidedly split in its loyalties during the New York Campaign, a series of major early battles during the American Revolutionary War. La cittÀ was under British occupation until the end of the war, and was the last port British ships evacuated in 1783.
New York City was the seat of the government under the Articles of Confederation from 1785 until 1788, and then the Capitale of the newly-formed Stati Uniti Usa from 1788 to 1790. In the 19th century, the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825 enabled New York to overtake Boston and Philadelphia in economic importance, and local politics became dominated by a Democratic Party political machine known as Tammany Hall that drew on the support of Irish immigrants. In later years, known as the Gilded Age, La cittÀ's upper classes enjoyed great prosperity amid the further growth of a poor immigrant working class. It was also an era associated with economic and municipal integration, culminating in the consolidation of the five boroughs in 1898.